About Us

Biography Dr. Ali Thwaini

After graduating from medical school, Baghdad University in 1994, Dr Thwaini relocated to Jordan where he started his career in Urology at the Royal Medical Services, which is a national tertiary referral center. He acquired FRCS (Ireland) in 1999 and the Jordanian Board in Urology in 2000.

He then moved to Abu Dhabi where he worked for three years as a specialist at SKMC. He acquired the Arab Board in Urology in 2001.

In 2004 he moved to the UK, where he finished his MD degree from Queen Mary University of London. His thesis was on prostate cancer. In 2007 he entered the UK national higher training scheme in urology. This took place in Northern Ireland, where he worked in Belfast City Hospital, Altnagelvin Hospital and Craigavon Hospital, working with regional and national experts in the field. During his training, Dr Thwaini developed specialist interest in urological cancers. He completed his training in 2012 by acquiring the Intercollegiate Specialty Board Certificate in Urology (FRCS-Urology) and he acquired the CCT UK-wide accreditation.

Work Experience

Dr Thwaini has been working as a consultant urological surgeon with specialist interest in urological cancers, namely in renal cancers. He is the lead for renal cancers in the Belfast Health and Social Care Trust (Belfast City Hospital). This is a tertiary regional referral centre for complex cancer and benign cases. His main skills are in advanced laparoscopy and renal cancer and renal reconstruction procedures.

Dr Thwaini is also an Honorary Clinical Lecturer at Queens University, Belfast. He is known for his academic contributions throughout his career with over 35 Medline publications in the field.

Education & Training Highlights

  • MBChB, Baghdad University


  • Urology residency, Royal Medical Services, Jordan


  • Research Fellow, Barts and the London Hospitals, UK


  • Specialty Urology Trainee, Northern Ireland (NI)


  • Concultant Urologist, Lead, Renal Cancer, Belfast City Hospital, NI


Research Publications

  1. 'Vanishing' prostate cancer in radical prostatectomy specimens: incidence and long-term follow-up in 38 cases. Thwaini A, Anjum FH, Kaluba J, Shergill IS, Lewi HJE BJU Int. 2004 Nov;94(7):1145-6.
  2. LASERS in Urology. Review. Thwaini A, Shergill I, Thilagarajah R Urology News August 04.
  3. Perinephric Abscess Stockley H, Thwaini A, Shergill I Urology News August 04.
  4. Suprapubic Catheter. Case-in-focus Thwaini A, Shergill I Urology News August 04.
  5. Laparoscopic Decortication of Renal Cysts at King Hussein Medical Center – Jordan. Budair Z, Thwaini A, Al-Hammouri F Journal of Bahranian Medical Society 2000 Dec;12(4).
  6. Appendicitis After Appendicectomy. Kumar K H, Thwaini A J R Soc Med. 2005 Feb;98(2):85.
  7. Oral Complications after Buccal Mucosal Graft Harvest for Urethroplasty. Letter to Editor. Rao A, Shergill I, Thwaini A, Karim O, Motiwala H. BJU Int. 2005 Mar;95(4):679.
  8. Ganglioneuromas in the adult scrotum. Thwaini A, Kumar R, Shergill I. J R Soc Med. 2005 Feb;98(2):63-4.
  9. Autonomic Dysreflexia: the forgotten medical emergency. Cherian J, Thwaini A, Rao A, Arya M, Shergill I, Patel N. Hosp Med. 2005 May;66(5):294-6.
  10. Day Case Prostate KTP Laser Prostatectomy for Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Enlargement. Brady C, Thwaini A,, Cook J, Thilagarajah R. J One-Day Surg. 2006;16(2):51-54.
  11. The medical and surgical management of Priapism. Cherian J, Rao A, Thwaini A, Kapasi F, Shergill I, Samman R. Postgrad Med J. 2006 Feb;82(964):89-94.
  12. Botox in Urology - a solution to many problems. Thwaini A, Shergill I, Chinegwundoh F, Radhakrishnan S, Thwaini H. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2006 Sep;17(5):536-40.
  13. Testicular metastasis of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder: an unusual site. Thwaini A, Kaluba J, Shergill I, Lewi H. Int J Urol. 2006 Aug;13(8):1136-7.
  14. Fournier’s Gangrene and its Emergency Management. Thwaini A, Cherian J, Khan A, Shergill I, Mammen K, Barua J, and Malik A. Postgrad Med J. 2006 Aug;82(970):516-9.
  15. Gonadotropins and Prostate Cancer- revisited. Thwaini A, Naase M, Chinegwundoh F, Baithun S, Ghali L, Shergill I, Iles R. Urol Int. 2006;77(4):289-96.
  16. Management of simple intratesticular cysts: a single-institution 11-year experience. Shergill IS, Thwaini A, Kapasi F, Potluri BS, Barber C. Urology. 2006 Jun;67(6):1266-8.
  17. High-intensity focused ultrasound: a potential salvage treatment for recurrent prostate cancer following radiotherapy. Acher PL, Thwaini A, Shergill IS, Barua JM. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2006 Jul;6(7):969-70.
  18. Secondary penile tumours revisited. Cherian J, Rajan S, Thwaini A, Elmasry Y, Shah T and Puri R Int Semin Surg Oncol. 2006 Oct 11;3:33.
  19. Hypoandrogen-metabolic syndrome: A significant issue for men’s health. Mohammed A, Thwaini A, Shergill I and Vandal M. BJU Int. 2006 Dec;98(6):1329.
  20. Long term follow up after retroperitoneal laparoscopic decortication of symptomatic renal cysts. Thwaini A , Shergill I, Budair Z, , Al-Hammouri F. Urol Int. 2007;79(4):352-5.
  21. The Memokath stent. Staios D, Shergill I, Thwaini A, Junaid I, Buchholz NP. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2007 Mar;4(2):99-101
  22. En bloc stapler ligation of the renal vascular pedicle during laparoscopic nephrectomy. Thwaini A, Ravichandran S, Nambirajan T. BJU Int. 2008 Aug;102(3):401.
  23. Bladder contracture: review for intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin complication. Hameed A, Sezian N, Thwaini A. Can J Urol. 2007 Dec;14(6):3745-9.
  24. Greenlight prostatectomy: a challenge to the gold standard? A review of KTP photoselective vaporization of the prostate. Ahmed HU, Thwaini A, Shergill IS, Hammadeh MY, Arya M, Kaisary AV. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2007 Jun;17(3):156-63.
  25. Laparoscopic bladder diverticulectomy in TCC in a single bladder diverticulum. Case report. Thwaini A, McLeod A, Nambirajan T. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2008 Dec;18(6):849-51.
  26. Traumatic testicular dislocation. Case report. Aslam Z, Thwaini A, Sundaram S. Can J Urol. Can Urol Assoc J. 2009 Jun;3(3):E1-E3.
  27. The relation between the free androgen index and erectile dysfunction in men. Hameed A, Thwaini A, Morgan D. Can J Urol. 2009 Feb;16(1):4478-83.
  28. Prevention of catheter-related urinary tract infections. Hameed A, Chinegwundoh F, Thwaini A. Br J Hosp Med. 2010 Mar;71(3):148-50.
  29. Vesicovaginal fistula following cold up bladder biopsy; a case report. Mawhinney A, Hameed A, Thwaini A, Mulholland C. Open Access Journal of Urology. 2010 Sep;2: 171-175
  30. Subclavian vein thrombosis; an unusual presentation of RCC. Hameed A, Thwaini A, Pahuja A, Nambirajan T. Can Urol Assoc J. 2011 Apr;5(2):E27-8
  31. Urologists versus radiologists made PCNL tracts: The UK experience. Aslam MZ, Thwaini A, Duggan B, Hameed A, Mulholland C, O’ Kane H, Thompson T. Urol Res. 2011 Jun;39(3):217-21.
  32. Outcome of glansectomy and skin grafting in the management of penile cancer. O'Kane HF, Pahuja A, Ho KJ, Thwaini A, Nambirajan T, Keane P. Adv Urol. 2011;2011:240824
  33. Intratesticular epidermoid cyst: is radiological diagnosis enough? Sut M, Thwaini A, Devlin B, Dooher M, Schattka F. Central European Journal of Urology 2011 (4):64
  34. Primary plasmacytoma of the kidney. Spence RA, Thwaini A, O'Rourke DM. Case Rep Urol. 2013.
  35. Severe Intraperitoneal Haemorrhage following Suprapubic Catheter Insertion in a Patient Treated with Iloprost. Spence RA, Thwaini A, O'Brien A. Case Rep Urol. 2013.
  36. Radiofrequency ablation of renal cell carcinoma: a follow up of outcomes. Curry D, Yassin M, Thwaini A, Pahuja A, Alanbuki AH, Rajan TN, Loan W. Can J Urol. 2014 Feb;21(1):7135-40.
  37. Learning curve in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy; northern ireland single surgeon experience. International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 36(1):S125 · November 2016. Randhawa H, Evans R, ElBaroni W, Keane J, Thwaini A.
  38. Is confirmation of ureteric stent placement in laparoscopic pyeloplasty necessary?Hennessey DB, Kinnear NJ, Evans RM, Hagan C, Thwaini A. Int Urol Nephrol. 2017 Jun;49(6):931-936.
  39. Laparoscopic Off-Clamp Partial Nephrectomy for Renal Tumours with Moderate to High R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry. Mukhtar B, Randhawa H, Grimes N, Thwaini A. 47:S104 · November 2017Int. J. Surgery.
  40. The role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio as a prognostic indicator in patients undergoing nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. Grimes N, Hannan C, Tyson M, Thwaini A. Can Urol Assoc J. 2018 Jul;12(7):E345-E348.
  41. Radiofrequency Ablation of Small Renal Masses: Outcomes, Complications and Effects on Renal Function. Curry D, Pahuja A, Loan W, Thwaini A. Curr Urol. 2018. Jun;11(4):196-200.
  42. Comparison of Quality of􀀁 Life of Patients Following Cystectomy for Malignant Versus Benign Urinary Bladder Pathology. Curry D, El Baroni W, Abogunrin F, Thwaini A*, and O’Brien A. J Urol Res 5(1): 1096 (2018).


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Baccalaureate: 6th place nationally.


Final MB ChB: 5th place among 299 graduates. Also 1st in Paediatrics.


Clinical Governance Award for best audit,Broomfield Hospital, UK.